SRI GOLINGESWARA SWAMI VARI TEMPLE, BICCAVOLU
This temple is located at a distance of 33 Km from Kakinada, 40 Km from Rajahmundry and 60 Km from Amalapuram. Biccavolu is known for Beautiful stone temple of Lord Shiva. Built by the Eastern Chalukyas in the 9th-10th centuries, the temples are a fine example of the architectural grandeur that was typical of the Dravidian style. A stone sculpture of Ganesha in the village is a masterpiece of Chalukyan craftsmanship.
The name of the village Biccavole derived from the ruler to Turupu Chalakya Vamsam during their period 849-892 BC and the rulers constructed number of important temples during their period around the Biccavole village. Out of which one of the temple, Sri Raja Rajeswari vari temple and Sri Chandrasekhara Swamyvari temple. They are very prominent with great Silpakala nypunyam.
A Legacy of Monuments of sculptural wealth
In between Rajahmundry and Samalkot, a village named Biccavolu (Birudankinavolu) which contains several important temples of the Eastern Chalukya period. The village is named after the King Gunaga Vijayaditya III. In the vicinity of the village, but in the fields stand three temples, and a monolithic Ganesh and within the village another group of three Siva temples still under worship, including Ganesh in the fields.
Sri Golingeswara Swamy Temple
The central shrine of Golingeswara has a wealth of iconographic material, as all around it, and a beautiful Sivalingam and 33 lines sasanam on the door jambs. In the Mukhamandapam of the temple of Sri Golingeswara are preserved two exquisite masterpieces of Eastern Chalukyas sculputure. One representing Siva and Parvathi in the form known as Alingana Chandra Sekhara Murthy and the other a seated figure of Ganesh. Both these are great masterpieces, (PI.XX and XXI). The vimana top view remind us at once of similar Orissan figures and also those of Khajuraho.
Sri Rajaraja Temple
There are there niches on all three sides one devoted to Ganesh (PI.XXIIIb) another to Kartikeya on Peacock (PI.XXVIIIa) and the third to Mahishamardini (PI.XXIIe) and a beautiful Sivalingam along with Rajarajeswari deity.
Sri Chandrasekhara Swamy
Beautiful sculptures on the temple of four sides and Siva – styled Chandrasekhara swamy and a deity (Balathripurasundari.) The kudu is characterized by a great profusion of the makara element introduced on it than in similar ones either from the Canarese or Tamil Districts.
Monolithic Ganesh In Fields (PI.VII(b))
The height of the Ganesa is 11ft, the biggest in the history of Eastern Chalukyan Sculpture attracting hundreds and thousands of devotees day by day, a tourist spot, with green fields. Till the time of Ganesh Vijaditya the single pair of arms of Ganesh continues though in his time the additional pair is also introduced. But even also on the seal of Gunaga Vijayaditya from Sataluru (PI.VIII) This seal is beautiful work. Two views of the seal of Gunaga Vijayaditya from Sataluru showing similar Ganesa on one side and Lakshmi on the other. The seal is now at Chennai Govt. Museum, Chennai.
Siva Temple-I (close to fields) (PL.XVI(a))
Situated on the out skirts of the village with features similar central niches on the three sides with the makara decoration and with figures in them. One of these and a striking one is Siva dancing in the chatura pose in his Nataraja from. One such prominent feature here is the presence of Lakulisa (PI.X.VIII-C) is exactly the same from as occurs in Orissan sculptures (PI.XiXb) it should be remembered that at Mukhalingam even in the Eastern Ganga temple Lasulisa is substituted from Dakshnamurty as this figure is a favourite one. Siva styled shrine (Sivalingam) is the main attraction to the devotees.
Siva Temple II In Fields (PI.XVI)
Large plain temple in fields. In this there is an almost total absence of figure sculpture as even the niches are bare and except for the carving of the dvarapalas on the door-jambs and Lakshmi on the lintel. Still from the point of view of architecture the features are very interesting for a study of Eastern Chalukya temple structure which follows the Dravida type inspired by Southern traditions. The vimana here immediately bring to our mind the Pallava type which has been the main source of inspiration even for the Pattadakal group and the famous Rashtrakuta monument at Ellora.
Siva Temple III In Fields (PI.XVI/C)
The doorway of this temple has a unique feature as it shows the two River Goddesses Ganga and Yamuna on either side. (PI.XVII). On the tiers above there are several figures representing ieconographic forms and motifs like the mithuna which are excellent material for study. The figures of Surya (PI.XXIIa) and Vishnu (PI.XXXVa) are similar to the figures on the tiers of Sri Golingeswara Swamy temple.
Finally, some loose Sculptures of great beauty lying in the courtyard of the main temple Sri Golingeswara Swamy suggest what a wonderful group of Saptamatrika has been lost of which only these few remain, Viz., Kaumari (PI.XXIXb). The figure is a very lovely one. 2) Chamunda, 3) Veerabhadra. The Archaeological Survey of India looking after the temple monuments carefully.